Lesley's button collection - Backmarks gallery
These are some backmarks on the buttons in Lesley's collection.

Click picture for close up view

Image 1
Artillery button (in military gallery)
H(ammond) T(urner) & B(ates) Manchester

Image 2
Rampant goat
Hammond Turner & Sons (livery gallery)

Image 3
Hammond Turner & Sons
Royal Northern Yacht Club (uniform gallery)

Image 4
Hammond Turner & Dickenson
Gold circles (dandy gallery)

Image 5
Hammond Turner & Sons plus!
Civil war dug very poor specimen (military gallery) UPDATE!
This back mark is interesting because there is another maker's name within the outer circle: it is impossible to read this one but I have since bought another button (see below) which tells more of the story, although there is still an element of mystery! Click on the image for a supersize version.
I appealed for information about what it might say under all that verdigris... and I
am very grateful to 'Rider' who suggested that it refers to the gilding and says 'Extra Super Fine'.

Image 6
C & J Weldon London (not in a gallery, yet...)
This button is included because there was a business relationship and a friendship between Hammond Turner and Weldon in the mid-1800s: Charles Weldon was an administrator of William Hammond Turner's will. There is another Weldon backmark below.

Image 7
Lion Works, Birmingham (not in a gallery yet...)
This was the trading name of Hammond Turner in the early 20th century.

Image 8
H T & Sons Best Qualy Plated (sic)
Reverse of basket-weave button (Dandy and Dress gallery)

Image 9
C&J Weldon London
This front is very similar to a Hammond Turner front and is a uniform button for the Royal Artillery.

Image 10
Hammond Turner and Sons
A simple stamped crown is the only other feature of this backmark to a button, featuring a fishing basket, from the sporting gallery.

Image 11
Hammond Turner & Sons Extra Quality
From the sporting buttons gallery. The front bears an animal which may be a horse, a deer or even, as the seller suggested, a unicorn.

Image 12
H T & Sons Birmm (sic)
Reverse of marbled glass waistcoat button, Dandy and dress gallery

Image 13
C&J Weldon, 130 Cheapside, London. There was a business connection between Weldon and Hammond Turner.

Image 14
Hammond Turner and Sons for John Bowen and Co.
This is another version of the heavily verdigris-encrusted button above. It was made by Hammond Turner and Sons for John Bowen and Co. Does anyone know who John Bowen was? Please let me know!